Australia has experienced several actual and thwarted terrorist incidents.

Recent Victorian incidents include the 2014 Endeavour Hills stabbing, the 2018 Mill Park stabbing, and the 2018 Bourke Street stabbing.

The Australian domestic terrorist threat environment has undergone significant transformation marked by the September 2014 attack on two members of the Victorian Joint Counter Terrorism Team at Endeavour Hills.


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Publish year Assurance activity Summary Organisation
2021 Counterterrorism Yearbook 2021 (External link) The yearbook provides an overview of current trends and the terrorism landscape in Australia, and an analysis of the impacts of COVID-19 on terrorist threats globally. Trends include the impact of social media and technology on terrorist events and radicalisation, and a nexus between terrorism and organised crime. The yearbook outlines strong examples of prevention and strategies to counter violent extremism and provides governments and counterterrorism practitioners with contemporary analysis of current and emerging challenges and offers key policy recommendations to combat radicalisation, violent extremism and terrorism in all its forms. Australian Strategic Policy Institute
2017 Expert panel on terrorism and violent extremism prevention and response powers - report 1 (External link) The first report on how Victoria's legislation, powers and procedures are working to prevent, monitor, investigate and respond to terrorism. It contains 16 recommendations covering the use of force, investigative and preventative detention, presumptions against bail and parole, special police powers during declared events and the protection of criminal intelligence. Department of Premier and Cabinet
2017 Expert panel on terrorism and violent extremism prevention and response powers - report 2 (External link) The second report by the expert panel focuses on prevention and early intervention in relation to emerging risks of violent extremism Department of Premier and Cabinet
2009 Preparedness to respond to terrorism incidents: essential services and critical infrastructure (External link) An audit examining Victoria's preparedness to respond to terrorism incidents relating to essential services and critical infrastructure, it found that governance arrangements to assist owners/operators of critical infrastructure and and declared essential services to prepare to respond to terrorism incidents are at different stages of development across sectors. Victorian Auditor-General's Office