South eastern Australia, including Victoria, is among the most bushfire-prone areas in the world.

Victoria’s high bushfire risk is due to a combination of factors including increasing population density in fire-prone areas.

Major bushfires can lead to loss of life and injury, damage to key state infrastructure such as electricity transmission lines, water supply assets and transport links.

Additionally, fast moving grass fires in metro/rural interface environments, structure fires in urban environments, and mine fires caused by fires in nearby bushland all pose their unique challenges and consequences.

Examples of significant bushfires and related fires include the 2009 Black Saturday fires, 2014 Hazelwood mine fire and more recently the 2019-20 fires which led to major reviews at state level and a Royal Commission at national level: Inquiry into the 2019–20 Victorian Fire Season and Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements respectively.

All links in the table below will open in a new window.

Publish year Assurance activity Summary Organisation
2014 2013-14 Fire Season Compliance Report (External link) A progress report on the implementation of identified actions prepared for the Emergency Management Commissioner and the emergency management sector in response to the significant 2013-14 fire season. Comprised of three reports, it identified opportunities for improvement through specific actions for sector. Inspector-General for Emergency Management
2014 Hazelwood Mine Fire Inquiry 2014 (External link) The Hazelwood Mine Fire Inquiry was conducted from February to September 2014 to inquire into the response to the 2014 fires which took hold in the Hazelwood mine as a result of embers spotting from bushfires. The Inquiry’s Terms of Reference required the Board to inquire into and report on a range of issues, including the origin of the fire, the firefighting response, fire prevention and preparedness measures taken by the owner, operator and licensee of the mine and regulatory agencies, the fire’s impacts on the health and wellbeing of affected communities, and the response to the health emergency. Board of Inquiry into the Hazelwood Mine Fire
2014 Mt Ray-Boundary Track Fire Review (External link) A review that considered community concerns relating to the management of the incident, this report set out a set of strategic actions to improve fire management in these communities such as Initial Attack / utilisation of resources, Road Traffic Management and community involvement in fire preparedness, response and recovery. Emergency Management Victoria
2013 Bushfires Royal Commission Implementation Monitor Annual Report - July 2013 (External link) A progress report on the ongoing implementation actions committed to by the State in response to the 67 recommendations made by the 2009 Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission following from the 2011 Progress Report and 2012 Final Report. Bushfires Royal Commission Implementation Monitor
2013 Kentbruck Fire Review (External link) A review to highlight good practice and identify opportunities for improvement that emerged during the extended fire fighting operations. This fire originated in the vicinity of plantations and under the influence of strong winds quickly extended into and through the pine plantations and into the adjoining National Park. Fire Services Commissioner Victoria
2013 Loch Sport Operational Review (External link) A review to improve fire service knowledge and service delivery. Due to the nature of the fire and fuel reduction burning in the area, this provided an opportunity to review the efficacy of fuel management programs. Fire Services Commissioner Victoria
2012 2011/12 Post Bushfire Season Review Report (External link) A summary of the findings of a state-wide joint agency debriefing process aimed at building on past learnings which drove the following year’s pre-season exercising program; significant progress had been made with implementation of initiatives involving improving fire and emergency preparedness, response and recovery. Fire Services Commissioner Victoria
2012 Westmeadows Grassfire Review (External link) A review of a grassfire on the west side of Broadmeadows Valley Park that passed under power transmission lines. The review sought to identify and evaluate compliance with relevant standard and to identify learnings or issues that MFB and support agencies could further explore relating to vegetative fires in urban environments. Fire Services Commissioner Victoria
2012 Bushfires Royal Commission Implementation Monitor Final Report - July 2012 (External link) A progress report on implementation by State Government agencies of the recommendations made by the Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission, this report continued to build upon matters raised in the 2011 Progress Report. Bushfires Royal Commission Implementation Monitor
2011 Review of the Tostaree Fire (External link) A review of the Tostaree Fire that provided the first chance to measure arrangements put in place through the Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission (VBRC), and since the establishment of the Fire Services Commissioner and the Fire Services Commissioner Act 2010. Office of the Emergency Services Commissioner